Shopping and auction fraud involves fraudulent shopping scams that rely on the anonymity of the internet.
As well as avoiding scam websites and messages, these tips will help minimise any fallout should you be unlucky enough to fall victim to online crime.
1: Choosing where you shop
If you’re making a purchase from a company or person you don’t know and trust, carry out some research first, and ask a friend or family member for advice before completing the purchase.
If you decide to go ahead with the purchase, use a credit card if you have one, as most major credit card providers insure online purchases. Some other payment methods do provide good consumer protection, but they aren't obliged to provide the same protection as a credit card provider. Check their Terms and Conditions for exact details.
2: Keep your devices up to date
Make sure you install the latest software and app updates. These usually contain important security updates that can protect you against fraud and identity theft.
Information can easily be found about how to install these updates from Apple, Microsoft and Google. Even better, just turn on automatic updates so your device will update itself in future.
3: Secure your email account
Secure your important accounts with a good password - especially your email. Cyber criminals want to hack into your email account. They are looking for valuable information like bank details and the logins for your other online accounts but they'll also make use of things like your address or date of birth when trying to crack your passwords.
So, you should have a strong password for your email. One that you don't re-use anywhere else. This way, even if an attacker manages to access your email, they won't also be able to log into your online bank account.
4: Take care with links in emails and texts
Some of the emails or texts you receive about amazing offers may contain links to fake websites, designed to steal your money and personal details.
Not all links are bad, but if you are unsure don't use the link, go separately to the website.
5: Turn on two-factor authentication (2FA)
To give any online account additional protection, where possible, you should turn on two-factor authentication (2FA).
2FA is a way for the service you're using to double check that you really are the person you claim to be, when logging in.
6: Use a password manager
If you have lots of accounts, the temptation to re-use passwords and usernames is pretty strong. A good way to get around this is to use a password manager.
These systems remember all your login details for you, so you can choose good passwords for each of your online accounts, without worrying about losing or forgetting them. The only password you'll need is the one for the password manager application itself. This blog post will tell you all you need to know about password managers.
7: Don't give away too much information
You shouldn't need to give out your mother’s maiden name, or the name of your primary school, in order to buy something. There’s some obvious details that an online store will need, such as your address and your bank details, but be cautious if they ask for details that are not required for your purchase.
Only fill in the mandatory details of forms when making a purchase. These are usually marked with an asterisk*. If you can avoid it, don’t create an account on a new site unless you’re going to use that site a lot in the future. You can usually checkout as a guest to make your purchase.
8: When things go wrong
We all make mistakes and these days the scams can be incredibly convincing.
If you think you may have been taken in by a bogus website, you should first, take a note of the website's address, then close down your internet browser. Then report the details to Action Fraud and contact your bank to seek advice.
Whether you've been a victim of fraud will depend on how much information you’ve provided to the website. So keep an eye on bank transactions, if you can. Contact your bank immediately about anything that you don’t recognise, even small amounts.